|The early history of Nagaur before
the advent of the Mughals is intermingled with the exploits of the
Sultans of Delhi, Gujarat and Marwar, who contended for its possession
because of its strategic location. It was later included in the Mughal
empire and became a 'Sarkar' (Division) under 'Ajmer Subah' (province),
yielding annual revenue of about ten lakhs of rupees.
The town has an old fort, situated in the centre of the city occupying
an extensive area. It contains old palaces, water cisterns and other
buildings, some of which are in ruins. The mural paintings on the walls
of some apartments in the palace are of high order.
A cattle fair is held in the town during January-February in which
large number of cows, bullocks (Nagauri breed is renowned) oxen and
camels exchange hands. Tourists also visit the place in large numbers.
The town possesses some monuments of historical importance, namely, the
Dargah of Khwaja Hamiduddin Nagauri known as Sultan-ul-Tarkeen, who was
one of the chief disciples of the Khwaja of Ajmer; and Amar Singh
Rathore-ki-Chhatri. Amar Singh Rathore was the heir apparent to the
throne of Marwar, who not only was deprived of his right to succession,
but was also exiled from the state, wherefrom he retired to the Mughal
court. His exceptional gallantry at the battlefields impressed the
Emperor who bestowed upon him the chief ship of Nagaur and elevated him
to a very high rank in the nobility.
However, he is remembered for upholding his dignity and intrepidity
exhibited in full view of the Emperor in the Mughal court at Agra, by
murdering Salabat Khan, the Paymaster General for the latter¿s
insolent conduct towards Amar Singh. Amar Singh was overpowered and
killed, but the saga of his dauntless spirit and heroic action survived
for long in the ballads of the minstrels.