Golden Temple Amritsar - India Vacation Packages
Amritsar Golden temple, a popular Sikh pilgrimage destinations is surrounded by holy sarovar. Built in pure gold , Amritsar Golden temple also holds a great historical importance.
Golden Temple, Amritsar
The Golden Temple or Darbar Sahib or Shri Harmandir
Sahib is situated in Amritsar, Punjab, and is the most important place of
holy pilgrimage for the Sikhs. It is a powerful monument of immense
historical importance that represents the magnificence and strength of the
Sikhs spread all over the world. The glorious temple is a living example of
the spirit of tolerance and acceptance that the Sikh philosophy propounds.
In the other temples, the devotees have to climb up to offer their obeisance
but, in the Golden Temple, devotees have to step down to offer their homage.
The actual idea of establishing a central place of worship had been
conceived by Guru Amar Das and he thus, designed the architecture of Sri
Harmandir Sahib. Earlier the planning to excavate the holy tank (Amritsar or
Amrit Sarovar ) was chalked out by Guru Amardas Sahib, the Third Nanak, but
it was executed by Guru Ramdas Sahib under the supervision of Baba Budha ji.
The tank and the temple have been a source of inspiration to the Sikh
community ever since its foundation.
Guru Arjan Sahib installed the newly created Guru Granth Sahib, in Sri
Harmandir Sahib and appointed Baba Budha ji as its first Granthi i.e. the
reader of Guru Granth Sahib. After this event it attained the status of 'Ath
Sath Tirath'. Thus, the sikh nation had their own Tirath, a pilgrimage
Sri Harmandir Sahib, is built on a 67ft. square platform in the centre of
the Sarovar(tank). The temple itself is 40.5ft. square. It has a door each
on the east, west, north and south. The Darshani Deori (an arch) stands at
the shore end of the causeway. At the top of the first floor 4 feet high
parapet rises on all the sides which has also four 'Mamtees' on the four
corners and exactly on the top of the central hall of the main sanctuary
rises the third story. A regular recitation of Guru Granth Sahib is also
held there. A low fluted 'Gumbaz'(dome) stands at the top of this room
having lotus petal motif in relief at the base inverted lotus at the top
which supports the 'Kalash' having a beautiful 'Chhatri' at the end.
Its architecture represents a unique harmony between the muslims and the
hindus way of construction work and is reputed as one of the best
architectural wonders of the world. It is often quoted that this
architecture has created an independent sikh school of architecture in the
history of art in India.
Best time to visit
October through to January are good times to go, when the temperatures are
cooler and more comfortable.